VW Golf manuals

Volkswagen Golf Service & Repair Manual: Identification markings on the tyre sidewall, tyres with run-flat system (PAX)

As compared to standard tyres, run-flat tyres (PAX) have different codes and designations on the sidewall. This makes it easy to identify run-flat tyres.
   
Codes and designations on tyres with run-flat properties (PAX)
245 -  Tyre width in millimetres
690 -  Tyre diameter (outer) in millimetres
R -  Radial construction
500 -  Nominal diameter of standardised rim seat
A -  Construction type index for the wheels with run-flat capability (PAX); “A” stands for asymmetric, since the two rim seats have different diameters.
99 -  Maximum permissible load of tyre (99 = 1550 kg)
Y -  Speed code (“Y” stands for a permissible top speed of 300 km/h).
 

Identification markings on the tyre sidewall, tyres with run-flat system (PAX)

Tyre dimension
Explanation of tyre dimensions
Tyres Speed 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Summer tyres to 240 km/h 195 65 R 15 91 V -
Winter tyres to 160 km/h 195 65 R 15 91 Q M + S
Winter tyres to 190 km/h 195 65 R 15 91 T M + S
High-speed tyres faster than 240 km/h 225 50 ZR 16 91 - -
 
1 -  Tyre width
2 -  Aspect ratio in %
3 -  Code for tyre construction “R” indicates radial
4 -  Rim diameter designation
5 -  Load rating code/load index (LI)
6 -  Speed rating code
7 -  Winter tyre/code for all-season tyre

Load rating code/load index (LI)

Load rating code / load index (LI)
The load rating can be found on the sidewall of the tyre. It provides information about the maximum load that the tyre can bear.
The load rating is included in the size designation of the tyre (e.g. 195/65 R 15 91T). It is indicated on the tyre as a code according to ETRTO. The following table shows the load rating codes with the corresponding load capacity of the tyres.
Load rating code Maximum load of tyre in kg
75 387
78 425
79 437
80 450
81 462
82 475
83 487
84 500
85 515
86 530
87 545
88 560
89 580
90 600
91 615
92 630
93 650
94 670
95 690
96 710
97 730
98 750
99 775
100 800
101 825
102 850
103 875
104 900
110 1060
112 1120
Speed rating code
Speed rating / maximum speed
Speed rating code Maximum speed in km/h
L 120
M 130
N 140
P 150
Q 160
R 170
S 180
T 190
U 200
H 210
V 240
ZR above 240
W 270
Y 300
 
Winter tyres with speed symbol “V” → Chapter
Identification markings on the tyre sidewall, standard tyres
Example: Continental ContiPremiumContact 2 1 -  Size code e.g. 205/55 R 16 → Anchor 2 -  Posi ...

EU tyre label
...

Other materials:

Identification markings on the tyre sidewall, standard tyres
Example: Continental ContiPremiumContact 2 1 -  Size code e.g. 205/55 R 16 → Anchor 2 -  Position of TWIs (Tread Wear Indicators) 3 -  Manufacturer (trade name) ...

Flat spots caused by hard braking
  This type of flat spots may be caused by hard braking on a rough surface such as a tarmac road. During this type of braking manoeuvre only a certain area of the tyre is abraded accordingly and therefore causes an imbala ...

2-pack HS wet-on-wet surfacer
Designation:   2-pack HS wet-on-wet surfacer -LVM 013 008 A4-, light grey   2-pack HS wet-on-wet surfacer -LVM 013 905 A4-, black Issue 03.2015 Product description ...

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