VW Golf manuals

Volkswagen Golf Service & Repair Manual: Heat always flows from warmer to colder material

Every material consists of a mass of moving molecules. The fast moving molecules of a warmer material loose part of their energy to slower molecules possessing less heat. This slows down the molecules of the warmer material and accelerates those with less heat. This continues until the molecules in both materials are moving at the same speed. They have the same temperature, and no further exchange of heat occurs.

Physical basics
The four known physical states of water also apply to air conditioning refrigerants. 1 -  Gas (invisible) 2&nbs ...

Pressure and boiling point
The boiling points given in the table below are always based on an atmospheric pressure of 1 bar. If the pressure on a liquid is changed, its boiling point changes al ...

Other materials:

Indicator lamp
First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings  Lit up Possible cause Solution Engine management system fault (Electronic Power Control). The engine should be checked by a qualified workshop as s ...

Necessity of wheel alignment, multi-link suspension
Wheel alignment is necessary if: The vehicle does not handle properly. Vehicle has been involved in an accident and components have been renewed. Axle components are removed or renewed. ...

Checking auxiliary air heater element -Z35- with auxiliary air heater control unit -J604-, LHD vehicles
Checking Special tools and workshop equipment required Vehicle diagnostic tester with current probe 100 A -VAS 5051B/7- Test conditions Intake temperature less th ...

© 2016-2020 Copyright www.vwgolf.org