VW Golf manuals

Volkswagen Golf Service & Repair Manual: Cross section of a radial belted tyre

Cross section of a radial belted tyre

1 -  Tread block
2 -  Tread groove
3 -  Tread
4 -  Nylon ply
5 -  Belt layers
Usually made of steel
6 -  Bead core
Consists of steel wires vulcanised into rubber.
Ensures secure seating of the tyre on the rim.
7 -  Bead filler
8 -  Rim flange protection
Protects the rim and tyre from abrasion from, for example, contact with the kerb
Tyres with Maximum Flange Shield (or rim protector bar) are marked with the abbreviation MFS.

 
The nylon ply -4-, belt layers -5-, bead cores -6- and bead filler -7- form the carcass. The carcass is the “load-bearing structure” of the tyre.
Structure of a radial belted tyre
...

Run-flat tyres, structure and identification of a SST tyre
Removing and fitting run-flat tyres → Chapter. If run-flat tyres are used, a Tyre Pressure Monitor display must be fitted. ...

Other materials:

Removing and installing drive shafts, triple roller joint AAR3300i bolted
Special tools and workshop equipment required     Torque wrench -V.A.G 1332-   Press tool -T10520- ...

Overview of fitting locations – lights in front doors
  Note The illustration shows fitting locations for LHD vehicles. Fitting locations for RHD vehicles are similar. 1 -  Driver door opener illumination bulb -L108- Removing and installing → Chapter 2  ...

Removing and installing front side window
  WARNING Always wear safety goggles and leather gloves.   Note To cut out the front side window, use the wire reel -VAS 6452/1-. –  Pull trim strip (if fitted) out of seal. Protect surr ...

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